Electric vehicles (EVs) are great for a country like India considering the levels of air and noise pollution in the country, as they do not create any carbon emissions or noise and is a cleaner and greener alternative for the normal vehicles running on fuel.
India has the potential to become a great market for EVs as a buyer due to the large population and as a manufacturer, this industry could provide a number of benefits to the country. Setting up new factories would create a lot of job opportunities which is sorely needed considering the level of unemployment in the country and the large population would also provide a lot of cheap, skilled and unskilled labour. As a developing nation, there are great prospects of growth in this industry, a lot of investors are eager to invest in such projects. Manufacturing EVs in the country would increase the export in the country, bringing in foreign exchange.
There are various challenges with manufacturing and usability of such vehicles, the first being electric vehicles are more expensive to manufacture making it more expensive than normal cars and considering the huge amount of people in India are either poor or middle class who can not afford these vehicles. These vehicles take a long time to charge, around 6 to 8 hours through a normal charger provided with the vehicle, and the range also isn’t great, a full charge would give you about 300-400 kilometre of range in the cars like Hyundai Kona which was recently launched, which makes it harder to travel long distances but, this gives an opportunity to the research and development sector of the country to develop cost-effective ways to manufacture even more efficient vehicles.
The Government of India is working to make EVs more accessible by advising car manufacturers to reduce the prices of their cars and reducing taxes as well as road tax on electric vehicles so that more people can afford it. The Road and Transport Minister of India, Nitin Gadkari said “Government is also working towards making India a global automotive manufacturing hub in the next 5 years” at the Virtual Electric Mobility Conference 2020. The government also proposed the idea for E-highway on Delhi-Mumbai Expressway where electric buses and trucks would run.
The current scenario of EVs in the country is there are a lot of misconceptions around the maintenance cost, but the truth is that it is nearly same as other vehicles. In spite of that, people in India have started appreciating EVs, still there is a need to spread more awareness about saving the environment as fossil fuels are depleting and pollution is becoming a serious problem. Once we overcome the stated challenges, EVs would be an efficient product for this country. These vehicles will become one’s necessity instead of a choice in the future.
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