The NEP 2020 enacts varied changes in India’s education policy. It aims to extend state expenditure on education from around four to six percent of the GDP as soon as possible. The union Cabinet, chairperson- PM Narendra Modi, approved NEP 2020 on 29th July, 2020. The four-part National Education Policy covers school education (Part I); higher education (Part II); ‘Other Key Areas of Focus’ (Part III) and ‘Making it Happen’ (Part IV) that discusses the policy’s implementation.
The policy seeks to restructure school curricula in a new ‘5+3+3+4’ design, so that school education is made relevant to the wants and interests of learners at different developmental stages – a ‘Foundational Stage’ (5 years), a ‘Preparatory Stage’ (3 years), a ‘Middle Stage’ (3 years) and the ‘High Stage’ (4 years, covering grades 9, 10, 11 and 12). Its main aim is to achieve universal foundational literacy and numeracy in primary schools last by 2025. The policy states that universal participation in schools shall be achieved by tracking students and their learning levels to confirm they are listed and attending school, and have apt opportunities to re-join or catch up in school in case they have dropped out. The ‘three-language formula’ will continue to be enforced in schools, where two of the three languages shall be native to India. The government of India shall comprise a Gender-Inclusion Fund to provide equal and quality education to girls students and transgender students, such as providing toilets and sanitation, conditional cash transfers and bicycles. The funds will enable states to support community-based interventions. Higher Education Institution’s shall be flexible in offering Master’s programmes of two years for those who have completed a three-year undergraduate programme, of one year for students who have completed 4year undergrad programme, or 5year integrated BA and MA programmes. M.Phil. programmes shall be abandoned.
Himachal Pradesh has become the primary state to implement New Education Policy 2020. The national educational policy should be enforced in all schools over India by 2022. National Education Policy 2020 envisions an India-centric education system that contributes directly on to remodeling our nation sustainably into associate degree equitable and vivacious information by providing high-quality education to all.
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